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Issues and approaches in aquaculture of rural ponds of Southern West Bengal with introspection over the years

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Utilization and aquaculture scenarios of rural ponds of various sizes in West Bengal especially southern West Bengal have been investigated and observed for more than sixty years. These ponds are of various shapes, sizes, and depths, and used by the rural people for domestic, agricultural irrigation, pisciculture, livelihood dependency, firefighting, and community wellbeing. During the post-independence period, these ponds have undergone succession of shifting attention and shared interests towards their service to the rural community and the society. In recent years, these ponds suffer shrinkage due to silt accumulation and waste disposal, becoming increasingly semi-derelict and derelict, and encroachment continued rampant. Productivity as well as aesthetic values has gone down along with the increase in pollution and environmental degradation. Indigenous management option of Parha Level Pond Care (PLPC) aqua cultural production with annual management action plan at the village level local unit (Parha /Ward/ Neighborhood) in conjunct with local Panchayat is suggested for agri-piscicultural integration with Integrated Area Development Network Programme (IADNP) at the Block Development level.


rural ponds, utilization scenarios, pond care concern, threat perspectives, management issues, West Bengal