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Recent topics on repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in clinical rehabilitation

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In recent rehabilitation, treatments include electrical stimulation and magnetic stimulation.They are transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), and others.rPMS has been effective technique for non-invasive neuromodulation. Clinical effects of rPMS have been reported such as generalized sarcopenia and dysphagia, measurement of rectus femoris muscle (RF), strength of suprahyoid muscles and association of hand splint materials. TENS also shows clinical efficacy for decreasing peripheral and central neuropathic pain (PNP, CNP). Beneficial efficacy is found in diabetes and herpes zoster for PNP, and in stroke and spinal cord injury for CNP


transcranial magnetic stimulation, repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, peripheral neuropathic pain, central neuropathic pain