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Sudanese children’s common skin diseases


Journal of Pediatrics & Neonatal Care
Sherin Awad Babiker Bala, Fatima Obied Ahmed Adeeel, Mohammed Ahmed Ibrahim Ahmed, Nahla Ahmed Mohammed Abdelrahman

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Abstract

Background: Skin diseases are a significant public health concern that affects a considerable percentage of children, causing discomfort and disabilities. Objective: The focus of this research was to determine the most frequent skin diseases among children in the Dermatology Department of the Tropical Disease Teaching Hospital. Methodology: This is a retrospective hospital-based research that took place from January to December 2021 at the Tropical Disease Teaching Hospital. Results: One hundred and eighty patients, ranging in age from one to eighteen years old, were included in this study, with males accounting for 60.7 % of the total (n=68). The overwhelming majority of the patients (90.2%, n=101) were from Khartoum state. In the majority of cases (92.9 % - n=104), the patients’ residential situations were a risk factor; there was no crowd in their households, and 83.9 % (94) of the participants had no animals in their homes. In terms of water supply, 85.7 % (96) of the patients used tap water. The majority of patients (90.2 % - n=101) had no seasonality skin condition, and none of the patients have any chronic disorders, according to their clinical data. Skin diseases are prevalent among the patients. Throughout study, contagious skin disease affected more than half of the patients (57.1 %, n =64). Furthermore, fungal infection was found in 62.5 % (40) of patients. The great majority of patients (96.4 %, n=108) responded well to therapy. Conclusion: The sex distribution revealed a significant disparity between males and females, with females outweighing males. The majority of the patients were under the age of five. The preponderance of the incidents was linked to housing situations. There is no seasonal variation in the occurrence of illness. Skin disease was evident in more than half of the individuals. A statistical correlation was revealed between the type of skin condition and a family history of similar condition, as well as the duration of treatment.

Keywords

skin diseases, children, Khartoum, Sudan

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