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Gap in breast feeding practices between caesarean and normal deliveries


International Journal of Pregnancy & Child Birth
Aditi Aditi,1 Ajit Kumar Jaiswal,2 Arish Qamar3

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Abstract

Background: World Health Organization universally recommends colostrum, a mother’s first milk or the ‘very first food’ as perfect for every newborn. It has long-term health benefits associated with both the mother and child. Maternal benefits of breastfeeding include faster involution of the uterus and a lower risk of hemorrhage after birth. Caesarean mothers facing difficulty breastfeeding within an hour post child birth is a rising primary concern for medical professionals worldwide.

Objectives: This aspect in the periphery of the C-section needs the specific aim of the study; these proximately affect maternal health. The paper aims to examine the difference in prevalence between C-sections and normal delivery on colostrum feeding practiced by women.

Methods: The data used was of fourth round of National Family Health Survey (2015-16). Bivariate and multivariate techniques have been carried out to know the difference in the prevalence of colostrum feeding among mothers giving birth by both types of delivery.

Conclusions: We found that women who delivered via C-section had a lower prevalence of feeding colostrum to the newborn than those who delivered normally. A significant, around 15 percentage point difference was found between both the types. Findings suggest that surgical delivery, unless necessary, should be discouraged. It will be quite effective in addressing the delay in colostrum feeding problem

Keywords

caesarean delivery, colostrum feeding, India, NFHS-4

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