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Gaining soft power by fostering science, technology,and innovation: dilemmas in international relations


Sociology International Journal
Marco Bettine, Lia Picoli, Adriana Bin

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Abstract

This chapter investigates the relation between Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) and Soft Power at the country level. To develop this discussion, first, we review the literature on the concept of Soft Power through Joseph Nye’s theoretical analysis and its recent interpretation by.1 Both argue that Soft Power is a diffuse tool of power through cultural and symbolic aspects. The role of STI in enhancing Soft Power and its influence in the international arena is updated through available recent literature. Data analysis is based on figures collected from the Global Innovation Index (GII) and its Special Chapter of Science and Technology Clusters and Soft Power 30. It was oriented to investigate the influence of STI in obtaining Soft Power, broadening the debate on recent literature. The research shows that although gaining Soft Power also requires culture/education, international policies, and universalistic values, STI plays an essential role in Soft Power.This chapter investigates the relation between Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI)
and Soft Power at the country level. To develop this discussion, first, we review the literature
on the concept of Soft Power through Joseph Nye’s theoretical analysis and its recent
interpretation by.1
 Both argue that Soft Power is a diffuse tool of power through cultural
and symbolic aspects. The role of STI in enhancing Soft Power and its influence in the
international arena is updated through available recent literature. Data analysis is based on
figures collected from the Global Innovation Index (GII) and its Special Chapter of Science
and Technology Clusters and Soft Power 30. It was oriented to investigate the influence of
STI in obtaining Soft Power, broadening the debate on recent literature. The research shows
that although gaining Soft Power also requires culture/education, international policies, and
universalistic values, STI plays an essential role in Soft Power.This chapter investigates the relation between Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI)
and Soft Power at the country level. To develop this discussion, first, we review the literature
on the concept of Soft Power through Joseph Nye’s theoretical analysis and its recent
interpretation by.1
 Both argue that Soft Power is a diffuse tool of power through cultural
and symbolic aspects. The role of STI in enhancing Soft Power and its influence in the
international arena is updated through available recent literature. Data analysis is based on
figures collected from the Global Innovation Index (GII) and its Special Chapter of Science
and Technology Clusters and Soft Power 30. It was oriented to investigate the influence of
STI in obtaining Soft Power, broadening the debate on recent literature. The research shows
that although gaining Soft Power also requires culture/education, international policies, and
universalistic values, STI plays an essential role in Soft Power.

Keywords

soft power, innovation, science, technology, clusters

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