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Indigenous protagonism in the defense of their rights: the Katxuyana people, the ethno-education and museum objects 


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Abstract

The Katxuyana people, Karib Amerindians, account for 380 people who live in the north of the country, mainly in the state of Pará, Brazil. The Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples recognizes the right of these peoples to be different, respected and to preserve their cultural heritage and memories. Demarcated in 2018, the Katxuyana territory is currently threatened by the proposed construction of a hydroelectric power plant. In 2019, on the occasion of the launch of the book1,2 on the reconstruction of the traditional Katxuyana house - the tamiriki - the Katxuyana from the villages of Santidade and Chapéu (Oriximiná, state of Pará) held an event in the center of the city where they were able to present their dances and talk about their culture to the public (students, teachers and other city residents). On that occasion they also spoke of the threats to their territory and their concern to defend it. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, for more than two years, to protect themselves they stayed in their villages, avoiding going to the city. This article presents an account of the experience of ethno-education among the Katxuyana, where museum objects were appropriated by this indigenous people for the purpose of revitalizing their tradition and defending their rights.

Keywords

Katxuyana people, ethno-education, indigenous peoples, Brazil, museum objects

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