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Bacteria isolated from Niger River water in Bamako showed multi-resistance to antibiotics


MOJ Biology and Medicine
Yacouba Koumaré, Amadou Hamadoun Babana,*Aïssé Bah, Adounigna Kassogué, Sognan Dao, Kangaye Amadou Diallo, FatoumaAlhadji Faradji

Abstract

In Bamako; infectious diseases caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria are major public health problem. Because of the ability of these bacteria to resist to one or more antibiotics, these diseaseshave been more difficult to treat. Because of antibiotic contamination derived from human activities, rivers become the reservoir for the dissemination of antibiotic resistant bacteria. The use of water containing antibiotic resistant bacteria increased the health risks associated with the waterborne bacteria in animals and humans. The aim of this study is to investigate the presence of antibiotic resistant bacteria from the Niger river water in Bamako rivers. A total of 177 pathogenic bacterial strains were isolated. Among the 177 bacterial isolates, thirty-one (31) were isolated as Staphylococcus aureus, sixty-four (64) were isolated as Salmonella sp. and eighty-two (82) as Escherichia coli. The results from this study showed that the Niger river in Bamako is exposed to high level of antibiotics compound which may lead the bacteria to develop mechanism of antibiotic resistant. This may be behind serious threats to the public health and environment.

Keywords

Antibiotic resistance, Water, Niger river, Bamako, Mali

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