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Knowledge versus practices of child feeding among women of under two years children

MOJ Public Health
Duwal DM,1 Ghimire J,2 Prajapati G3

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Background: It is most important that appropriate feeding practices are critical for growth
and development of children especially in the first two years of life. There is less evidence
found in the field of nutrition and hygiene practices in the Nepalese context and also in the
specific communities.
Objective: To assess the feeding knowledge and practices among the mothers of under two
years children in the Chaudhary community.
Method and Material: The total 103 responded mother of under two years children were
sampled from ward no 3, Omsatiya, Rupandehi based on census data collection. Mixed
method was used for quantitative data collection and Key Informant Interview (KII) was
used to collect qualitative data with the help of respective tools.
Results: It is really inspiring evidence that 99 percent mothers are currently feeding breast
milk to their baby. About 38% of mothers have knowledge but only 26% did breastfeed to
their children within one hour after delivery. Nearly 60% of mothers who have knowledge
on giving complementary foods with breast milk after six months. But nearly 18% have
different practice than ideally recommended. Very consistently, knowledge versus practice,
only 34 percent mother have both knowledge and practice of complimentary foods three
times in a day. The majority 67 percent respondents fed only breast milk whereas 33 percent
were feeding fish/meat along with breast milk to the child during sick period.
Conclusion: There are poor feeding and hygiene knowledge and practices found in the study
population. So, every policy makers and frontline actors must understand the importance
of complementary feeding and take actions forward to address the existing poor practice of
infant and young child feeding in the community. The focus should be on dietary diversity
and minimum meal frequency under the minimum acceptable diet recommended by WHO.
Funding Statement: The author has not received any funding support for this research and
is solely conducted for the partial fulfilment of the master program.


nutrition, children, health, feeding practice