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Long-term outcomes of thigh arteriovenous graft stenting

Urology & Nephrology Open Access Journal
Masa Abaza BS,1 Sloan E Almehmi,2 Alian AlBalas,3 Ammar Almehmi3

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Background: Stents have been increasingly used for treating venous anastomosis stenosis seen in arteriovenous grafts (AVGs). A major reason for this trend is that stents can potentially confer a better patency rate compared to angioplasty. However, limited data are available about the outcomes of stents that are used to treat thigh AVG dysfunction. This study sought to assess the primary and secondary patency rates of stents used to treat thigh AVGs dysfunction at one year.
Methods: This is a retrospective study of dialysis patients who received therapy via thigh grafts (N=50) and underwent stent placement between January 2005 and June 2017 at our center. Data on demographics and baseline characteristics of the study population were collected. The primary and secondary patency rates were defined as the time between stent deployment and the first intervention and second intervention, respectively. Patency and re-intervention rates were estimated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.
Results: This study included 50 patients with thigh AVGs; mean age was 50.5± 15.5 years; 52% were female; 80% were black; and 90% had hypertension. The main indication for stenting was thrombosis due to venous anastomosis stenosis (74%). The number (mean ± SD) of stents deployed was 1.24 ± 0.8. The primary patency rate at three months and one year was 58.7% and 30.7%. In comparison, the secondary patency rate at three months and one year was 68.2% and 40.7% (p=0.04).
Conclusions: Thigh AVG stenting can be successfully used to improve the overall patency rates of failing AVGs. 


dialysis, thigh, stent, arteriovenous graft, patency rate