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Clinical manifestation, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19)

MOJ Biology and Medicine
Mahendra Pal1Kirubel Paulos Gutama2

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COVID-19 is a recently emerged infectious disease that has gripped the entire world resulting into high morbidity as well as mortality. SARS-CoV-2, a novel coronavirus, is one of the causes of respiratory infections that can transmit to other individuals through the respiratory particles and cause symptoms like fever, dry cough, and shortness of breath, anorexia, lethargy, and sore throat in infected patients. COVID-19 is difficult to distinguish during the early stages since it has a variety of clinical signs that are often comparable to other respiratory disorder. Presently, molecular tools are employed to confirm the infection due to COVID- 19. Antibiotics should not be used to prevent or treat COVID-19; however treatments, such as colchicines, monoclonal antibodies, and anticoagulants are currently being studied. Home isolation of suspected cases and those with mild illnesses, as well as those with mild infection and contact and droplet precautions, are all part of the prevention strategy.


covid-19, diagnosis, prevention, sars-cov-2, treatment