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Diagnostic dilemma and challenges of granulocytic sarcoma: a review


Hematology & Transfusion International Journal
Amit Kumar Dubey,1 Jagadish Hansa2

Abstract

The maleficent tumour granulocytic sarcoma is an unusual cancer indite of progressive myeloid precursor cells. It is a Chloroma basically present at an extramedullary location spread through immature granulocytic cells. It can affect any part of the body but the primary site is soft tissues, outside bone marrow, lymph nodes. The root cause may be many factors i.e. genetic, environmental, carcinogens etc. This proliferative type of cancer is sometimes misdiagnosis in contradictory to other acute/chronic tumours. For a histopathologist, it is a challenge for an accurate diagnosis. The tissue biopsy is the known diagnostic technique used since days in cancer diagnosis. To address this review, our main focus is to investigate, analyse the diagnostic limitations or research gaps in granulocytic sarcoma recognition at the clinical level and what can be the possibilities that have developed recently in tumour detection at an early stage. Next, we will try to develop a hypothesis from pinpoint methods used in it as molecular diagnosis, immune-histochemical biomarkers, flow cytometry (FACS) for confirmation of sarcoma so that specificity and sensitivity can be well examined. The prognosis/diagnosis in myeloid tumour detection depends on key factor innovation and medical devices and that should be filled in research and so a gold standard diagnostic kit should be developed.

Keywords

granulocytic sarcoma, diagnosis, histopathology

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