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Complications of refractory juvenile dermatomyositis: a case report and literature review 


MOJ Clinical & Medical Case Reports
Rhett Orgeron, Rami Al Khoury, Samina Hirani, Shahzeem Bhayani

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Abstract

We present a 29-year-old male with a history of treatment resistant juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). The patient was admitted for complaints of nausea, diarrhea and abdominal pain and was subsequently found to have intestinal perforation on imaging. The patient had also exhibited classic dermatologic findings alongside rare dermato-pathological manifestations of JDM on examination; likely consequences of his underlying disease process. This case serves to present these rare findings and analyze the similarities of JDM and adult dermatomyositis (DM). In addition, overall diagnosis and treatment of resistant/severe JDM is explored. High clinical suspicion alongside an interdisciplinary approach is warranted for such patients given their extensive risk factors for future complications.

Keywords

juvenile dermatomyositis, perforation, calcinosis cutis, treatment, review, integumentary, musculoskeletal, pulmonary, cardiac, calcinosis cutis

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