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Personality type and social shock among Asaba metropolitan of delta state, Nigeria

Sociology International Journal
Kingsley Akarowhe,1 Ede Maxwell O2

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The main purpose of the study was to determine the extent personality type influences social shock among Asaba Metropolitan of Delta State. The design of the study was a descriptive survey research. A sample of 220 individuals was drawn from a population of 149,603 individuals in Asaba Metropolis of Delta State using stratified random sampling technique. The instrument used for data collection was a 14-item researchers developed structured questionnaire titled: Influence of Personality Type on Social Shock (IPTSS) Among Asaba Metropolitan of Delta State. The instrument was subjected to face-validity by three experts, one from Measurement and Evaluation in College of Education, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike Abia State and two from the Department of Educational Foundations, Guidance and Counseling, University of Uyo. A reliability coefficient of 0.79 internal consistency was obtained using Cronbach Alpha Reliability. The questionnaire was administered to the respondents by the researchers and only 200 copies were retrieved out of the 220 copies administered. The mean and standard deviation were used to answer the two research questions, while t-test statistic was used to test the hypotheses at .05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that introversion had high extent influence while extroversion had very high extent influence on social shock among Asaba Metropolitan of Delta State, and that there was no significant difference between the mean responses of male and female Asaba Metropolitan on the extent introversion and extraversion influence social shock. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that awareness campaign on social shock should be driven by Delta State Government which will help individuals irrespective of their personality type to adjust positively to social shock as they are predisposed to experience it


social shock, personality type, extroversion, introversion, metropolis