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Treatment of natural surface waters using new composite flocculants-coagulants


International Journal of Hydrology
Kudryavtsev P,1Kudryavtsev N2

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Abstract

Coagulation is an essential process in the treatment of water and industrial wastewater. In the field of drinking water treatment since ancient times, water purification using coagulants using various substances has been practiced. Coagulation is the most common method of purification of natural and wastewaters from the bulk of colloidal, finely dispersed, and partially dissolved contaminants. The characteristics of the new composite flocculants-coagulants ASFC and ISFC developed by the authors are presented in comparison with conventional aluminum and iron salts. The titration method was used to study the behavior of coagulant flocculants at different pH. The titration method was used to study the behavior of coagulant flocculants at different pH. The ΞΆ-potentials and isoelectric points for aluminum hydroxide obtained by hydrolysis of a coagulant are determined. The nature of the interaction of active silicic acid and the products of hydrolysis of aluminum salts as components of composite flocculants-coagulants is shown. The characteristics of natural waters are given, on which the efficiency of using the obtained flocculants-coagulants is investigated. A comparison of the coagulating ability of coagulants in water purification with high color from the Orsha River and with medium color from the Volga and Tvertsa rivers is presented.

Keywords

coagulation, flocculation, hydrolysis, compositional flocculants-coagulants, ASFC, ISFC, water purification

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