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Visual outcomes after bilateral implantation of a new generation diffractive trifocal intraocular lens


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Abstract

Cataract surgery today has become more of a refractive surgery with high patient expectations and demand of independence from glasses. Modern cataract surgery is characterized by obtaining precise postoperative target refraction with the premium intraocular lenses (IOLs) available today. The multifocal IOLs are designed to reduce the spectacle dependence after cataract surgery. Previously a variety of studies were performed that confirmed a significant improvement in uncorrected visual acuity after implantation of multifocal IOLs as compared to monofocal IOLs.1?5 Initially multifocal IOLs that were designed were having a bifocal design which allowed the patient to have a good distance and near visual acuity post operatively, but near vision came at the expense of reduced contrast sensitivity.6?8 Nowadays, due to increased use of computers the preference of spectacles has changed from near to intermediate distance. In this sense achieving an intermediate vision with an IOL is a good option. The IOL technologies in the latest times help in rehabilitating the distance and near visual acuities and also by incorporating a component of intermediate vision (ie, trifocal IOLs) to ensure spectacle independence.9?11 The present study aims at assessing the performance of AT LISA tri 839MP trifocal diffractive IOL in terms of visual acuity and independence from spectacles. The other objectives are to assess changes in the distance, near and intermediate visual acuities, contrast sensitivity postoperatively and plotting the defocus curves.

Keywords

cataract surgery, IOLs, visual acuity testing, refractive surgery, corneal astigmatism

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