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Bloom’s taxonomy and goals of traditional education system insight from Ayurveda


Bloom’s taxonomy classifies the goals of modern education system. It defines three domain of learning cognitive, affective and psychomotor domain, related with head, heart and body respectively. Ayurveda mentioned four qualities of physician in the form of chatushpada (quadruple), as to acquire knowledge, to gain practical knowledge and importance of cleanliness. Proposed review study was carried out to high light the concept of traditional education system designed by Acharya Charaka, Sushruta and Vagbhata to reflect goals of traditional education system. Classical texts (Samhita) of Ayurveda as Charaka, Sushruta, Ashtanga Sangraha and Ashtanga Hridaya were consulted as references to know the qualities of chatushpada. Literature available regarding modern Bloom’s taxonomy was also collected. These references from both streams of knowledge were compared and analyzed critically. Literature search revealed that qualities of bhishak (physician) among chatushpada, includes the three domain of Ayurvedic education system. Paryavadatatva means having excellence in theoretical knowledge, bahushodrustakarmata means having extensive practical experience, dakshya means dexterity and shouch means cleanliness of mana (mind) and sharir (body). If physician endowed with these qualities leads to elimination of disorders. As Bloom’s taxonomy classify the goals of modern education system, the four qualities of physician reflects the goals of traditional system of education in Ayurveda.


ayurveda, bhishak, bloom’s taxonomy, chatushpad, paryavadatatva, bahushodushtkarmata, daksha