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Study of Composition and Morphology of Cadmium Oxide (Cdo) Nanoparticles for Eliminating Cancer Cells

Journal of Nanomedicine Research
Heidari A* and Brown C
Faculty of Chemistry, California South University, USA
Brown C , Faculty of Chemistry, California South University, USA


The effects of substrate temperature on the structural, optical, medical and electrical characteristics of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) films are investigated in the current study. Films are deposited on glass substrate at different temperatures, ranged between 450–600 ºC, using Spray Pyrolysis Technique. According to X–Ray Diffraction (XRD), it is found that the films are polycrystalline and Cadmium Oxide (CdO) is of a hexagonal wurtzite structure which the preferred direction of its crystal plane is (002). The maximum optical transmittance of films is more than 85%. The size of crystallites is calculated with the maximum value in 500º C. Furthermore, Cadmium Oxide (CdO) nanoparticles were synthesized in deionized water by laser ablation of Cadmium plate. In the current paper, the effects of laser pulse energy and wavelength on the characteristics of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) nanoparticles were studied. Analyses of Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) were confirmed that size distribution of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) nanoparticles is reduced by increase in laser pulse energy. Fluorescence spectrum of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) nanoparticles shows violet emission accompanied by blue and green band. UV emission with high intensity shows that nanostructure of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) is of a little deficiency. Also, the current study aims to study the linear and non–linear optical characteristics of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) nanoparticles and their applications. Firstly, fluorescence spectrum, as a linear characteristics of Cadmium Oxide (CdO), as well as second harmonic generation and two photons absorption, as non–linear characteristics of Cadmium Oxide (CdO), are studied. Then, some aspects of medicinal and pharmaceutical applications of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) nanoparticles for eliminating cancer cells such as the effect of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) nanoparticles on DNA of human cancer cells and the interaction of Cadmium Oxide (CdO) nanoparticles with DNA of cancer cells are originally investigated. It should be noted that the range of considered parameters are separately clarified and explained in each of related sections (Figure 1).


Cadmium oxide (CdO) nanoparticles, Laser ablation, Optical parameters, XRD, TEM, Laser pulse energy, UV emission, Pulsed laser deposition, Cancer cells, Composition, Morphology, Medical characteristics, Dynamic light scattering, Scanning electron microscope