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Legal psychology from social psychology. historical introduction of forensic psychology

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The importance of legal psychology at the international level has gained ground in the last ten years due to the increase in criminality within the so-called transnational organized crime. Drug trafficking, money laundering, human trafficking, femicides, migrant smuggling, and genocide are examples of criminal behavior that crosses borders between countries. The social, cultural, political and economic implications that these antisocial behaviors entail makes it necessary to implement specialized and trained professional teams for the identification and management of criminal profiling, where Legal Psychology as one of the applications of Social Psychology entails a great weight and implies the clear delimitation of its functions and the conceptual theoretical structure that grounds it as a science. The objective of this work is to publicize the importance of this behavioral science in the legal field, dimensioning its characteristics and applications. Highlighting the broad development of forensic psychology, the delimitations of criminological psychology, the overwhelming future of criminal and victimological psychology, and the deficits in the field of judicial and legal psychology are some of the issues that are reflected in this brief historical introduction.  


legal psychology, social psychology, forensic