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Glycated hemoglobin with ≥7.0% results in patients from a Regional Hospital in Costa Rica

Journal of Diabetes, Metabolic Disorders & Control
Laura Marín López,1 Ana Lorely Blanco Chaves,2 Yendry Chaves Madrigal,3 Monserrat Esquivel García,4 Fabiola Barrantes Sánchez,4 Daniel Vargas Murillo,4 Katherine Sosa Barrantes5


Objective: Analyze the HbA1c results from patients attached to Ciudad Quesada health area that received attention in the clinical laboratory from San Carlos’ Hospital during 2021 and 2022. Methods: Data from HbA1c values >7.0% was collected monthly from patients attached to Ciudad Quesada health area, from which also sex, age and EBAIS was registered. The information was further analyzed using Microsoft Excel and the statistics program R studio. Results: For the year 2021 a total of 2104 results of patients with HbA1c ≥ 7.0% were accounted, as for 2022 the total was of 1656, where the greater frequency was in women. In 2021 most of the patients with ≥ 7.0% HbA1c receive attention in San Pablo’s EBAIS, while in 2022 it was in San Juan’s EBAIS. Conclusions: The greater number of people with HbA1c values over or equal to 7% that belong to Ciudad Quesada’s healthcare area are women. The results might underestimate the real number of poor controlled patients because the years from which the data was collected correspond with the time the COVID-19 pandemic was ongoing. The age group corresponding with people between 51-70 years old are the ones most frequently found with the values of interest. Further studies must be made in order to determine the factors why these patients have such a poor blood glucose control.


glycated hemoglobin, diabetes, healthcare, multifactorial disease, HbA1c