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A Review on stability and passivity analysis of haptic devices

International Robotics & Automation Journal
Ahmad Mashayekhi,1 Behnam Akhoundi,1 Vahid Modanloo1


Haptic devices are robots that are used for simulating virtual objects for their operators. Since most real objects can be modelled by spring and dampers, the virtual object is also a (discrete) spring and damper. The discretization is done with a constant sampling time, while a time delay may exist in the control loop, due to do different sources. Simulating stiff objects is a challenging problem since severe vibrations occur in the body of the haptic device and may damage itself or even its operator. The stable operation of a haptic device is a key problem in all haptic applications. It is shown that using smaller values of sampling time and time delay, can make an increase in the stability domain; while increasing effective mass and friction has the same result. In this paper, a review of the stability and passivity of haptic devices is presented and helps the readers to know better recent activities in this field


haptic device, stability, passivity, time delay, sampling time