Rehabilitation of a rare presentation of tuberculous meningoencephalitis: a case report
- International Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Journal
Xénia Verraest,1 Filipe Ermida,1 António Paiva,1 Raquel Nunes,1 Francisco Repas,2 Sandra Oliveira,1 Filipe Carvalho1
Tuberculous Meningoencephalitis (TBM) is an infectious disease of the central nervous system caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It mainly involves the meninges and brain parenchyma, as well as the spinal cord and meninges. The spectrum of complications of TBM includes hydrocephalus, tuberculoma formation and stroke. Stroke secondary to TBM can cause irreversible brain damage and lead to poor clinical outcomes. TBM diagnosis is challenging due to atypical early symptoms and delayed laboratory examination. Therefore, early identification, diagnosis and treatment are often difficult. Rehabilitation is one of the key components in managing TBM and is expected to enhance recovery and prevent disabilities.
: tuberculous meningoencephalitis, complications, stroke, rehabilitation