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Barbiturate coma treatment in children with refractory intracranial hypertension due to traumatic brain injury; is it useful?

MOJ Public Health
Irina Suley Tirado Pérez,1 Andrea Carolina Zárate Vergara2


In pediatric severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) the appearance of refractory intracranial hypertension is related to an unfavourable prognosis. Severe TBI (ECG <8) is present in 60% of polytrauma children and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) and the treatment of intracranial hypertension have been subjects of attention in neurotrauma for years in the evidence-based guidelines currently being a topic of discussion. Currently the guides based on evidence showing acceptance of some guidelines for the management of intracranial hypertension, within the most accepted of sedatives/ analgesics, hyperosmolar agents (hypertonic saline solution HTS and mannitol) and barbiturates, although the level of evidence of these recommendations is insufficient to standardize such management in the centers of attention.


pediatrics, brain injury, traumatic brain, intracranial hypertension, barbiturates