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SARS-COV-2 vaccine hesitancy: the "5c model of the causes of vaccination hesitation


Abstract

Background and aims:The According to the World Health Organization, vaccination hesitancy is a behavior that is influenced by a number of variables, including concerns with confidence (do not trust vaccine or provider), complacency (do not recognize a need for a vaccine, do not value the vaccine), and convenience (access). The intention of this review article is to identify factors that influence vaccine influence among the people globally.

Methods:The author assessed through 49 different published articles for the accomplishment of this case report. Google search engine was used for accessing published articles from databases like Google Scholar, Research Gate, PubMed, Scopus database, CochraneDatabase and CLINMED international library.

Results:Vaccine reluctance can be viewed as a widespread occurrence with variations in the reasons given for vaccine rejection. The perceived dangers vs advantages, specific religious views, and lack of knowledge and awareness were the most common justifications for vaccination rejection.There are three main causes of vaccine hesitancy: I lack of trust in and fear of vaccines, especially due to the misconception that vaccines carry a risk of infection; (ii) lack of understanding of the need for a vaccine (for example, due to an underestimation of the severity of the disease); and (iii) difficulty in obtaining the vaccine for an individual or a community.

Conclusion:Low trust in vaccinations and low uptake are mostly caused by structural factors such as health disparities, socioeconomic disadvantages, systemic racism, and access hurdles.

Keywords

confidence, SARS-COV-2, vaccine hesitancy

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