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Case report: left frontal extra axial tumor caused by epithelial neoplasm of thyroid follicular origin


Journal of Neurology & Stroke
Diego Bezerra Soares, Gabriella da Cruz Goebel, Isabela Reis Manzoli, Ícaro Tavares Sanches, Johney Francies Feitosa

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Abstract

From antiquity to the present day, tumors have always aroused curiosity in the field of medicine and instigated science in an obsession to understand its mechanism of action and seek its cure. Neoplasms were initially described around 2600 years before Christ in an Egyptian papyrus containing reports of 48 cases of the disease carried out through the studies of the Egyptian physician Imhotep. It was only centuries later, with the Renaissance movement and the beginning of the modern age in the 18th century, that the first anatomical and histopathological descriptions were made thanks to the development of microscopy and the work of the German physician Virchow and the Belgian anatomist Andreas Versalius. In addition, with the advance of the scientific revolution in the 19th century, factors related to the heredity of tumors as well as their compression of genetic aspects were elucidated through analytical observations and categorical writings developed by the Austrian monk Gregor Mendel and later applied to the study of the genetic basis. Modern. Since then, with the advent of technology, hundreds of scientists have embarked on a mad dash to improve new techniques and innovative treatments that allow us to understand and treat the mechanisms of the disease. In this context, epithelial neoplasms are known to be tumors that can be classified as benign or malignant, originating from a disordered proliferation of follicular cells in tissues influenced by thyroid hormones. Benign follicular nodules are the most common types presented, which contain in their cytological analysis variable proportions of colloid and benign-looking follicular cells arranged as macrofollicles or macrofollicle fragments in some tissues of the body. Therefore, in the case report in question, a 50-year-old female patient was identified with the presence of a left frontal extraaxial tumor caused by an epithelial neoplasm of thyroid follicular origin.

Keywords

epithelial neoplasm, follicular origin, frontal tumor

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