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Maternal socio-demographic and obstetric determinants for low birth weight in maternity hospitals in Asmara, Eritrea: a cross-sectional study


MOJ Public Health
Zeccarias Andemariam,1 Sadasivan Karuppusamy,1 Ghidey Ghebreyohannes,2 Elias Teages,2 Ghebremichael Andemichael2

Abstract

Background: Birth weight of the neonate is a good proxy indicator of the newborn’s chances for survival, growth, health and psychosocial development. This study is aimed at determining the maternal socio-demographic and obstetrical factors for low birth weight (LBW) and its prevalence.
Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was employed using questionnaires and birth weight measurement of the neonate on 806 mother-neonate pairs.
Results: The prevalence rate of low birth weight at the selected hospitals at the study period was 9.1% (95% CI = 7.1% - 11.0%). LBW was associated with marital status, sex of the neonate, partner employment status, socio-economic position of the household, number of ANC visits, gravidity, utilization of modern Family Planning (FP) methods and illnesses
during current pregnancy.
Conclusion: This study identified various socio-economic, demographic, obstetric and health service utilization factors. It is therefore recommended that multifaceted and coordinated measures to address these issues are required to reduce LBW to its lowest level.

Keywords

maternal socio-demographic risk factors, obstetric risk factors, low birth weight, asmara, Eritrea

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