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Sustainability of livestock production systems in the high jungle of Peru


MOJ Ecology & Environmental Sciences
Eliseo Tongo Pizarro,1 Hugo Soplín Villacorta2

Abstract

The sustainability of livestock production systems in the districts of Oxapampa, Chontabamba and Huancabamba, Oxapampa Province, Pasco Region, Peru was studied. The methodology used was the MESMIS. For the characterization of the livestock systems, the producers were grouped into three groups: traditional extensive livestock system, semi-extensive livestock system and extensive livestock system. In the first instance, the environmental sustainability, economic sustainability and social sustainability with their respective indicators were partially evaluated, to later evaluate it in a comprehensive way through IGS (general sustainability index) and finally to corroborate the grouping of producers, through the analysis agglomerative hierarchical cluster. Through the MESMIS analysis, the traditional extensive livestock system was the most sustainable in the environmental, economic and social dimension, obtaining the highest IGS. Subsequently, the same producers with their environmental, economic and social indicators were subjected to the agglomerative hierarchical conglomerate analysis, there is a cluster with the same selected producers, in the framework MESMIS, which are part of the traditional extensive system.

Keywords

MESMIS, system, agglomerative hierarchical cluster

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