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Variability of Biological Features of a Mugilidae Chelon Ramada in Two Tunisian Reservoirs


Journal of Aquaculture & Marine Biology
Sami Mili, Rym Ennouri, Manel Fatnassi, Hajer Zarrouk, Rabeb Thabet, Houcine Laouar, Nawfel Romdhane

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Abstract

Mullet is the most massively harvested species, representing the third of the total freshwater fish landing in Tunisia. To ensure freshwater fish farming durability and development in the country, reservoirs have been stocked with Mugilidae fry which was collected from coastal and estuaries areas after a short adaptation period. The objective of this paper is to compare and contrast Chelon ramada’’s age, growth, and mortality in two Tunisian freshwater reservoirs (Seliana and Kasseb). The sample species were caught with a multi-mesh gillnets and were classified into five age groups. The study of the age and growth demonstrated variability between Chelon ramada species’ features. The optimal size of the captured mullet (Lopt) was equal to 37.62 cm for M=0.48, L∞=57.05 and K=0.31 in Siliana Reservoir. Whereas, it measured 31.42cm in Kasseb Reservoir, for M=0.795, L∞=48.15 and K=0.31. It has also been found that the fishing mortality rate is very high at Siliana Reservoir when compared to Kasseb Reservoir. This work is a contribution to the identification of the biological features of Chelon ramada that lives in Siliana and Kasseb Reservoirs. It seeks to ensure a rational and sustainable exploitation of fishery resources in these Tunisian freshwater reservoirs and it recommends the development and preservation of mullet fisheries.

Keywords

Chelon ramada, age, growth, mortality, fishery management, Seliana reservoir, Kasseb reservoir, Tunisia

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