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Potentially -malignant disorders


Journal of Otolaryngology-ENT Research
Jilssa Shaji,1 Greeshma Balakrishnan,2 Nilofer Halim,2 Lakshmi Jayaraj,2 Rumaisha2

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Abstract

It is estimated that more than one million new oral cancer cases are being detected annually in the Indian subcontinent, of which 90% are oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Oral potentially malignant disorder (OPMD) are associated with increased rate of occurrence of OSCC of lips or oral cavity. Transformation of oral cancer from OPMD is common, especially in South Asian countries like India, where tobacco and arecanut consumption is prevalent. Early diagnosis and timely treatment of PMD’s may help to prevent its malignant transformation into oral cancer. The aim of the article is to highlight the risk factors, etiology, clinical presentation of PMD, thus helps in early detection and treatment, thereby reducing incidence of oral cancer.

Keywords

precancerous lesion, precancerous condition, leukoplakia, erythroplakia, osmf, dyskeratosis congenita, actinic cheilitis, lichen planus

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