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Caregiver’s knowledge on factors contributing to diarrhoeal diseases among children under five years at selected clinics of Vhembe district, Limpopo province


Journal of Pediatrics & Neonatal Care
Mulibana L, Raliphaswa N Selina, Maluleke M

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Abstract

Background: Diarrheal disease is still the leading cause of mortality and morbidity among children under 5 years. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that globally 525,000 children under five years die due to diarrheal diseases every year with 1.7 billion cases of diarrheal disease. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the caregiver’ knowledge on factors contributing to diarrhoeal disease among children under 5 years at a selected public clinics, in Vhembe district, Limpopo Province. Study setting: The study was conducted at a selected public clinics in Vhembe district. Vhembe District is located in the northern part of Limpopo Province– boarded by Capricorn District in the South-West and Mopani in the East of Vhembe. Methodology: A quantitative approach using cross-sectional descriptive survey design was conducted among 185 caregivers to be conveniently selected from five clinic in Thulamela B sub district. Convenience sampling method was used to sample 185 respondents and purposive sampling was used to sample five health care facilities. Self-administered closed –ended questionnaire was used to collect data in this study. Development of instrument was guided by a wide range of literature and inputs of experts. The instrument was test-retested for reliability whereas validity was ensured through face and content validity. Data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version: 26.0 Ethical measures were considered throughout the study. Results: The study found that dirty water, poor hygiene, mix feeding (exclusive breast feeding and formula milk feeding) were the most contributory factors to diarrhoea in children under five years of age. Recommendations: The recommendations were done based on the study results. Conclusion: This study concluded that health education for mothers, in particular, should be used to improve knowledge and behaviour for managing diarrhoea at home in children under the age of five.

Keywords

caregiver, children, diarrhoeal diseases, factors, knowledge

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