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The importance of cardiovascular disease in breast cancer survivors. mini review


International Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Hector Raul Gonzalez-Sanchez,1 Jose Luis Torres-Cuevas,1 Karen María KortrightMaldonado,1 Guillermo Enrique Chan-Puga,1 Jose Luis Torres-Escalante2

Abstract

Objective: Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent neoplastic disease in women. Recently, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has arisen as a non-cancer related mortality cause between breast cancer survivors. The aim of this paper is to establish the importance of CVD in BC survivors in order to draw attention to this public health problem so new strategies can be implemented in the future.
Methods: A PubMed research of the Mesh terms “Breast Neoplasms” and “Heart Disease Risk Factors” was made. Journals available to the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México – U.N.A.M. (National Autonomous University of México) were revised. Of 130 articles, 52 were selected and were cited for this review.
Conclusion: Earlier detection rates and advances in breast cancer therapies have improved overall survival in BC patients. CVD is now an important cause of mortality in BC survivors. This might be explained by the conjunction of pre-existing CVD risk factors and cardiovascular injury secondary to cancer therapy. 

Keywords

breast cancer, cardiotoxicity, cardiovascular risk, cardiovascular health in women

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