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Management of tuberculosis during pregnancy: first line anti-tuberculosis drug


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Abstract

Tuberculosis is a widespread, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, commonly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis not only responsible for an important proportion of the global burden of disease, but it is also an important contributor to maternal mortality, with the disease being among the three leading causes of death among women aged fifteen to forty five years. The main goals of tuberculosis treatment are to cure the patients, to prevent maternal and perinatal complications and to minimize the possibility of transmission of the bacillus to healthy individuals. First-line anti-tuberculosis treatment for medicine-sensitive tuberculosis can be highly effective; however, in absence of well-controlled studies in pregnant women, first-line tuberculosis medications have been listed as United States Food and Drug Administration pregnancy category C (ie, no adequate well-controlled human studies have been performed, but benefits may be acceptable despite potential risks) except ethambutol categorized as pregnancy category B. Rifampicin can be highly used by pregnant women; due to it is believed to be safe for pregnancy and no teratogenic effects has been observed. Neonates who born from mothers who have been taken rifampicin combination therapy may be developed an increased risk of haemorrhagic disorders in the new-born (postpartum hemorrhage); to avoid this postpartum hemorrhage supplemental vitamin K (10mg/day) should be given for the last four to eight weeks of pregnancy.

Keywords

anti-tuberculosis drugs, first line, management, pregnancy, tuberculosis

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