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Household water consumption on the outskirts of Mexico City

International Journal of Hydrology
Jorge A Morales-Novelo, Carolina Massiel Medina-Rivas, Lilia Rodríguez-Tapia, Daniel A Revollo-Fernandez


This research paper sets out to identify if household water inequality consumption in Mexico City is expressed itself in a spatial distribution pattern. The methodology is based on spatial data analysis performed on Geoda software. Data were obtained from the city’s water operating agency for 2019. The results reveal that exist a household water consumption’ spatial pattern: households located in the central-western area register a high consumption of water, while those in peripheral areas of the southern and southeastern register a lower consumption. This pattern confirms that water consumption increases as households move from the poorest periphery to the central area of the city. These findings suggest the urgency of the city’s public water utility to adopt strategies to reduce discrimination in the poorest areas. Thus, this research contributes to closing the information gaps on inequality water consumption in cities in developing countries.


water inequality, household water consumption, water spatial pattern, Mexico city, water utility