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India’s ‘soft power’ play with BIMSTEC nations: observing education diplomacy as an instrument of foreign policy

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South Asia as a region has a deficient Human Resource base, which jeopardizes its developmental ambitions and socioeconomic progress. Due to the fragile geopolitical context of the region, low spending for human development and increased expenditures for militarism sustain such a state of affairs in the subregion. As a result, large educational interventions are needed in the region. Education is the stumbling block to progress. Education and culture have always served as vital lines of communication between India and the BIMSTEC member states like Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, etc. India became the world's second-largest provider of higher education after independence, and it continued to attract students from the BIMSTEC countries. The chapter will examine several aspects of educational collaboration between India and the BIMSTEC countries in this context. This collaboration in the field of education will allow India to use soft-power diplomacy to strengthen its relations with its BIMSTEC partner.


India, BIMSTEC, soft power, education diplomacy