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Non-gestational primary choriocarcinoma of the ovary. Presentation of a clinical case


Obstetrics & Gynecology International Journal
Vargas-Hernandez Victor Manuel,1,2 Machuca-Hernandez Violeta Fabiola,2 Victor Manuel Vargas-Aguilar2

Abstract

Background: Ovarian germ cell tumors are derived from the primordial germ cells of the ovary, they can be benign or malignant. Non-gestational ovarian choriocarcinoma is extremely rare and aggressive that are of gestational or non-gestational origin, its prevalence is less than 0.6% of all ovarian germ cell tumors. Due to the rarity of the tumor, there is a lack of information on the clinical-pathological characteristics, diagnosis and treatment.
Objective: present a case of non-gestational ovarian choriocarcioma and review of the literature
Clinical case: We present the case of a 20-year-old woman who presented with an acute abdomen, due to abdominal pain and distention, with scant vaginal bleeding and pain on cervical mobilization; An ultrasound was performed with a right annex with a lesion measuring 114 x83x79mm and a total volume of 394cc, heterogeneous with linear images inside punctiform and human chorionic beta-gonadotropin levels, elevated 112.337 mUI/mL, the patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy with the finding of an ovarian tumor; performing salpingo-oophorectomy and the histopathological report of the definitive surgical specimen and immunohistochemical study, the diagnosis of non-gestational ovarian choriocarcinoma was made.
Conclusion: Non-gestational choriocarcinoma is an extremely rare malignant neoplasm that can present clinically in different ways, even as an acute abdomen, which requires differential diagnoses and management is the combination of surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy.

Keywords

non-gestational ovarian choriocarcinoma, ectopic pregnancy, diagnosis and treatment

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