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Rehabilitation of spinal cord injury with autogenous stromal vascular fraction in dogs


International Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Journal
PDS Raghuvanshi, SK Maiti, SK Tiwari, Devendra Yadav, Raju Sharda, Rukmani Dewangan, HK Ratre, GK Mishra and Naveen Kumar

Abstract

Background:Spinal cord injury (SCI) is an unexpected, traumatic event, its consequences often persist for the rest of life. The neurological deficit caused by spinal cord (SC) injury is permanent, and conservative treatment can not completely restore neurological functions in animals. Repeated autogenous adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) has been used to deliver MSCs, growth factors such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor, nerve growth factor, and neurotrophin-3 at the site of injury.

Methods:In the present study, six dogs presented with SCI, were routinely examined based on standard neurological examination protocol and subjected to the survey radiography. Treatment plans differed as per the presentation of the case. Stable and physically responsive patients were selected for repeated autogenous SVF therapy for rehabilitation.

Results:After conservative treatment in SCI, from the second week onwards, when patient supports or able to move affected area in relation to forequarter, the patients were administered repeated autogenous SVF therapy, which restored motor function in the form of intermittent weight-bearing on fetlock and/or posture change.

Significance:Spinal cord damage either partial or complete is always an ailment related to neurological deficit of the affected body parts. The repeated administration of autogenous stromal vascular fraction therapy in combination of physiotherapy significantly reverse, the effects of neurological deficit and progressively restore posture and weight bearing on the affected hind quarter in dogs.

Keywords

spinal cord injury, adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction and rehabilitation

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