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Tamarindus Indica L. (Fabaceae) in ecological zone I of Togo: use value and vulnerability


International Journal of Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Moussa Samarou,1 Wouyo Atakpama,1 Madjouma Kanda,1 Tchadjobo Tchacondo,2 Komlan Batawila,1 Koffi Akpagana1

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Abstract

In sub-Saharan Africa, indigenous fruit trees such as the tamarind tree (Tamarindus indica L.) are highly used by the local population to meet their daily needs. The present study is a contribution to the sustainable management of tamarind tree in Togo. Specifically, it aims at: (i) determining the variation of indigenous use knowledge of tamarind tree according to ethnicity, gender, age and occupation, and (ii) assessing its vulnerability due to it plant parts withdrawal in ecological I zone of Togo. Data were collet throughout semi-structured individual interviews of 451 respondents. Globally, eight (8) types of uses and 14 plant parts were categorized. According to the importance use value index (IUVIpp), the most used plant parts are ripe pulp (213.48%), leaves (185.24%), and stem bark (126.64%). The level of solicitation of the different plant parts of the species is the main cause of its vulnerability whose index was evaluated at 2.5. This value closer to the maximum scale (3) shows that the tamarind tree is very vulnerable. Awareness on the rational use and domestication for the conservation are highly needed.

Keywords

Tamarind tree, endogenous knowledge, anthropic threats, Togo

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