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Midwives’ knowledge of COVID 19 and pregnancy in four maternity units in Brazzaville in 2021


International Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Jean Alfred Mbongo,1 Gickelle Bintsene Mpika,1 Hermann N’dinga,2 Norcia Itoua,1 Jean Daniel Mahoungou,3 Serge Parfait Koko,4 Leon Hervé Iloki1

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate midwives’ knowledge of Covid 19 and Pregnancy.
Materials and methods: This was a knowledge analytical study. Midwives working in delivery units and outpatient clinics were included. The variables were focused on sociodemographic and professional aspects, general information on Covid-19, the clinical and biological manifestations, the prevention of corona virus transmission and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission.
Results: Out of 82 respondents, 73 (89.1%) were secondary school graduates, working mainly in Talangai Hospital. The media was the source of information for 78 (95.1%); Covid 19 is a viral infection 78 (95.1%); the route of contamination was respiratory 79 (96.3%) and transplacental 16 (19.5%) of respondents. The clinical signs were: fever 76 (92.7%), cough 77 (93.9%) and dyspnea 77 (93.9%) of the respondents. Biological diagnosis was done by RDT (rapid diagnosis test) 73 (89, 1%), completed by PCR confirmation 43 (52.4%) of the respondents. Prevention methods: hand washing several times a day 72 (87,8%) and alternative by disinfectant gel 75 (91,5%); lifting the fold of the elbow when sneezing or coughing 76 (89%); used handkerchief thrown in the trash 70 (85,4%) of the respondents; out of 3 preventive measures in the labour room, 20 (23,4%) answered correctly, 48 (58,5%) gave only 1 to 2 correct answers and 14 (17%) did not identify any measure. The overall knowledge of midwives on Covid 19 was insufficient 25 (30.5%), average 52 (63.4%), good 5 (6.1%) of the respondents. For the factors that can influence the level of knowledge, there is no link between the level of knowledge and the socio-professional characteristics of the midwives (Chi2 test: P-value ? 5%). However, the fact of working at the CHUB could have a slight influence (sensitive P-value close to 95%).
Conclusion: There is a need to diversify sources of information for an improvement of knowledge in order to place the midwife at the top of the medical news.

Keywords

Covid 19 pregnancy, knowledge, Midwife, Brazzaville

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