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Tribenoside–lidocaine combination in wound healing of hemorrhoids: a review of literature


Pharmacy & Pharmacology International Journal
Gokhan Faikoglu,1 Kubra Faikoglu,2 Fatmanur Otmar Ozcan3

Abstract

Background: Hemorrhoids are one of the most common anorectal disease observed in clinical practice. Symptomatic hemorrhoids can be effectively treated with a pharmacological approach, particularly with topical drugs, associated with dietary and lifestyle changes.
Aim: The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of tribenoside 5% + lidocaine 2% combination cream and suppository forms to manage the acute symptomatology of patients with hemorrhoids.
Method: Literatures were retrieved by a PubMed search, using different combinations of pertinent keywords (e.g., wound healing, tribenoside, hemorrhoids), without any limitations in terms of publication date and language. Papers which assessed the therapeutic efficacy and tolerability of tribenoside + lidocaine combination in patients with hemorrhoids were selected for inclusion according to their relevance for the topic, as judged by the authors.
Results: Five studies compared tribenoside + lidocaine combination with each of its single components: in 3 studies tribenoside + lidocaine was compared with lidocaine and in 2 studies with tribenoside. Moreover in 6 studies tribenoside + lidocaine has been compared with a corticosteroid containing preparation and 2 studies evaluated the product effectiveness in women with hemorrhoids, as a consequence of pregnancy or delivery. The results of all studies showed that the association tribenoside + lidocaine was significantly superior to lidocaine alone and had a similar clinical efficacy compared to tribenoside and corticosteroids. However, the tribenoside + lidocaine showed a faster relief of subjective symptomatology, than tribenoside and corticosteroids, with the advantage to avoid the possible steroid-related side-effects. Tribenoside + lidocaine has been well tolerated.
Conclusion: In conclusion, tribenoside + lidocaine represents a rapid, effective and safe option for treatment of hemorrhoids, and should be recommended as first-line treatment of this disease in clinical practice for its long-lasting healing effects on hemorrhoids with high efficacy and good tolerability.

Keywords

tribenoside, lidocaine, hemorrhoids, wound healing

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