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Yasya Shyaaveeyam of Bhela Indriya Sthana - An explorative study


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Abstract

Ayurveda is an ancient Indian traditional system of medicine has been in practice since thousands of years. Maharshi Bhela was one among the six disciples of Acharya Punarvasu Atreya (great preceptor of Ayurveda) and colleague to Maharshi Agnivesha (author of Charaka Samhita). Maharshi Bhela has composed Bhela Samhita which contains 8 sections (Sthana) and 120 chapters (Adhyaya). Indriya Sthana is one among the eight sections of Bhela Samhita and it comprises of 12 chapters. Bhela Samhita Indriya Sthana (BSIS) deals with prognostic aspects and contains the description of various emergency conditions associated with poor prognosis. Yasya Shyaaveeyam (YSV) is the fifth chapter of BSIS contains the description of terminal illnesses and / or end-of-life stages. Studies on BSIS have been lacking and the present work is aimed to explore the contents of YSV of BSIS. Various conditions such as Wilson’s disease (WD), IgA vasculitis, Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP), allergic purpura, consequences of increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and intra-thoracic pressure, abdominal and pelvic malignancies, abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), chorea, auto-immune chorea, neuroacanthocytosis, polycythemia with chorea, Simmond’s disease, pituitary cachexia, erythromelalgia, red ear syndrome (RES), red scrotal syndrome (RSS), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP), cachexia, sarcopenia, malnutrition, hypercatabolism syndromes, acute abdomen, upper gastrointestinal carcinomas, paradoxical heat sensations, scieropia, glaucoma, achromatopsia, organic brain diseases, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic alterations of drug actions in terminal illnesses, sensory deficits and abnormal perceptions, dementia, delirium, and non-beneficial treatment (NBT) at end of life (EOL) stages are documented in this chapter by Maharshi Bhela. The present study paves the path for future research directions. 

Keywords

bhela samhita, cachexia, chorea, dementia, delirium, indriya sthana

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