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Risk of work addiction in academic physicians prevalence, determinants and impact on quality of life


International Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Irtyah Merchaoui,1,2 Abir Gana,2 Samia Machghoul,1,2 Ines Rassas,1,2 Marouen Hayouni,1,2 Marwa Bouhoula,3 Neila Chaari,1,2 Adnene Hanchi,1,2 Charfeddine Amri,1,2 Mohamed Akrout12

Abstract

The prevalence of work addiction is constantly increasing worldwide, ranging from 8.3% to 30%, especially among physicians. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of Work Addiction among academic physicians and its influence on their mental and physical health. This is a cross-sectional survey conducted among the 293 academic physicians practicing in the teaching hospitals of the faculty of Medicine of Monastir in Tunisia. We used a self-administered questionnaire, with the «Work Addiction Risk Test » and the «SF-8 health survey». The participation rate was 24.3%, 24% were addicted to work and 56% were at high risk of addiction. WART score was significantly higher in single, females with medical history of depression or associated depression, poor physical and mental health and psychosomatic symptoms. It was significantly decreased with age, and seniority. Certain psychosocial factors increased WART score. Mental health score was significantly lower in single, females, assistant professor and increased with age, seniority and number of children. Academic physicians are at a high risk of developing work addiction. Preventive guided measures to reconcile family life and work as well as organizational strategies are recommended.

Keywords

Job stress, mental health, psychological well-being, work-life balance, addictive behaviors, physicians

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