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The impact of social isolation on a selected group of older brazilians within the context of the covid-19 pandemic


MOJ Gerontology & Geriatrics
Natalia Sperli Geraldes Marin dos Santos Sasaki,1 Marília Louvison,2 Camila Garcel Pancote,3 Maria de Lourdes Sperli Geraldes Santos,4 Amena Alcântara Ferraz Cury, 5 Antonio Caldeira da Silva,6 Elisa Monteiro, 7 Alexandre Kalache8

Abstract

Objective: This paper is an examination of the experiences of a selected group of older Brazilians people which aims to analyse how they have been impacted by COVID-19 and, particularly, how they have been affected by protective social isolation measures. Methodology: 42 older residents of Sao Jose do Rio Preto were interviewed by phone. The applied script question was developed by International Longevity Centre the Netherlands, based at the Leyden Academy on Vitality and Aging. The data collection instrument consisted of five categories of analysis: social activities, social contacts and connectivity, well-being, vitality and health, and COVID-19 news and reports. Results: All in-person social activity ceased with the implementation of the isolation measures. Most of the interviewees pointed out to be suffering do to absence of their children, grand-children, other relatives and close friends from whom they have being apart since the beginning of the Corona virus pandemic. A large number of the interviewees recognized a worsening of their health condition and attributed it to the suspension of the physical activities and the social life that they had before isolation. Conclusion: The interviewed showed some insight about the experiences of older Brazilian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. They all revealed a strong awareness of their physical vulnerability regarding corona virus. Most accepted the need to protect themselves through isolation or any other measures. However, there are barriers that difficulty the elderly people isolation as they live with of member of the family with different ages and in poor financial situations

Keywords

coronavirus infections, social isolation, older people,quality of healthcare

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