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Arterial hypertension and telemedicine in times of pandemic


Journal of Cardiology & Current Research
Pronotti, María V,1 Schiavone Miguel J,1 Casas Fernando,2 Medina Graciela,2 Saravia María Angélica,2 Avaca Horacio2

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Abstract

The pandemic caused by the SARS-COV-2 virus started in late 2019 in China and spread
rapidly around the world. The great impact it had on hypertensive patients has generated
a change in the medical care paradigm, giving impetus to a virtual care modality,
telemedicine. The objective of this work is to evaluate the technique of blood pressure
measurement (equipment and procedure), its knowledge in this regard and, based on this,
educate the hypertensive patient. Material and methods: descriptive and observational study
of 426 patients, over 18 years of age, who requested a consultation by telemedicine in a
community hospital, during July and November 2020. The patient was questioned about the
equipment used, the measurement technique and on the knowledge of the blood pressure
figures that defined him as hypertensive. Results: Of 426 patients, 49% were 62-year-old
women. 92.95% had a blood pressure monitor at home, of which 73% were electronic
arm, 16.16% were electronic wrist and 10.84% manual. Only 53% had a validated blood
pressure monitor. 35% of the total made at least 2 records and 39.2% knew their blood
pressure values considered normal.

Keywords

high blood pressure, SARS-COV-2 pandemic, telemedicine, arterial hypertension, cardiovascular failure, pressure meter

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