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Population awareness regarding D vitamin and its role in immunomodulation in the COVID 19 Pandemia


International Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Bernardo M Machado de Almeida,1  Carolina Queiroz Cardoso,1 Anita L R Saldanha,1 Marileia Scartezini,1 Caio Corsi Klosovski,1 Ana Paula Pantoja Margeotto,1 André L V Gasparoto,2 Abel Pereira,1 Tereza Luiza Bellincanta,1 Tania Leme da Rocha Martinez1

Abstract

International and national official surveys and publications have documented dietary deficiencies that may have deleterious repercussions to immunomodulation. Brazilian population that sought spontaneously for D Vitamin pre and post the since the Covid 19 pandemia was specially studied using databases collected throughout Brazil. The number of people that sought for their D vitamin levels were three times bigger during the pandemia. The mean D vitamin levels were significantly lower in the pandemic period as compared to the pre pandemic. Of the total of 1,421 tests performed in the observed period, 25.2% were performed in 2019 (prepandemic) and 74.8% were performed in 2020 or 2021 (pandemic). Most of the individuals tested were women over 20 years of age. The proportion of individuals over 60 years was higher in 2020-2021, compared to 2019 (12% vs. 39.5%). There was no significant difference in D vitamin mean between cohorts by gender, age or region. These results point to the awareness of having to live a healthy nutritional lifestyle and even follow guidance for supplementation.

Keywords

D vitamin, immunomodulation, Covid 19, nutritional deficiency, population awareness

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