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Natural bioactive compounds and antimicrobial potential of Pavetta indica L.


Journal of Analytical & Pharmaceutical Research
Gobalakrishnan R, Bhuvaneswari R2

Abstract

Terrestrial plants have opened up a new perspective for pharmaceutical research and development of novel antimicrobial agents for the treatment of microbial diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to start an urgent need to screen the plants for novel bioactive compounds. In this context, present study was carried out to screen phytochemical constituents from leaves of Pavetta indica L., and its antimicrobial potential. P. indica leaves possess Chlorophyll a (1.21 ±0.05 mg g -1), Chlorophyll b (1.61 ±0.09 mg g-1), total chlorophyll (2.82 ±0.13 mg g -1), carotenoids (0.57 ±0.06 mg g -1), total soluble sugars (30.08 ±0.79 mg g-1), total soluble starch (13.54 ± 0.72), total soluble proteins (47.81 ± 2.82 mg g-1), total free amino acids (5.77 ± 0.69 mg g-1), total phenol (7.67 ± 0.72 mg g-1), hydroxyl phenols (5.74 ± 0.29 mg g -1) and lipids (53.53 ± 2.50 mg g-1) while alkaloids, tannins, steroids, phenolic compounds, saponins, triterpenoids and cardiac glycosides were also present in the leaves of P. indica. Absolute ethanolic extract of P. indica showed significant antimicrobial activity against all the tested pathogens, followed by aqueous extract. In concluded that, P. indica leaves crude extracts have wide range of bioactive compounds and which might be led to potential antimicrobial activity. They may lend to developing novel therapeutic agent to different infectious diseases.

Keywords

phytochemical constituents, antimicrobial, pavetta indica, ethanolic extract, therapeutic agent

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