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Determine the pattern of blunt abdominal injuries by CT scan 


International Journal of Radiology & Radiation Therapy
Bakht Rokhan,1 Muhammad Nadeem,2 Shah Abbas,2 Majid Iqbal,1 Fazal Akbar,2 Shehzad khan

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the pattern of multiple blunt abdominal injuries by using computed tomography scan in patients presented to emergency department. Study Design: Cross-sectional/observationa. Place and Duration: Materials and Methods: Total105patients of both genders presented to emergency, suspected to have intra-abdominal injuries were enrolled. Patients detailed demographics including age, sex, mode of injuries and complete clinical features were recorded after taking informed written consent. CT scan was performed to examine the injured organs. Data was analyzed by SPSS24.0. Results: Out of 105 patients 82 (78.10%) were male while 21.90% were females with mean age 26.02±16.43 years. RTA was the most common cause of injury found in 76 (72.38%) patients. Blunt abdominal injuries found in 98 (93.33%) patients. Bowel injury was the commonest injury found in 45 (45.92%) followed by spleen, kidney, hemoperitoneum, pelvis fracture, lung, pleural effusion, liver and mesentery. CT scan showed 100% accuracy to diagnose blunt abdominal injuries. Conclusion: It is concluded that road traffic accident was the commonest cause of blunt abdominal injuries and bowel was the commonest injured organ. CT scan provides 97.96% accuracy for detection of visceral injuries.

Keywords

blunt abdominal injuries, computed tomography scan

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