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Patients’ falls in different sectors in a public-teaching hospital in Brazil

International Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Journal
Marilia Alves,Kelen Adriane da Silva Souza,2 Humberto Ferreira de Oliveira Quites,Doane Martins da Silva,4 Palloma Fernandes Estanislau Vaz Ventura5

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Objective:Describe characteristics of adults and seniors falls in different sectors of a public teaching Hospital of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Methods: Quantitative study, with a descriptive and retrospective approach, on reported falls of adults and seniors from different sectors of a teaching Public Hospital in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil such as the emergency room, medical wing and surgical wing. Data was collected through notifications and charts.
Result: Most falls occurred in men with ages between 55 and 62 years old. Presence of assistive devices, difficulty walking, altered emotional state, pain, and use of medications were found to be associated with high risk of falls. Bed falls at night were the most frequent. There are few nursing assessments that are relevant in preventing falls.
Conclusion: The greatest number of falls occurred in male patients during the night shift.The main comorbidities found were hypertension, diabetes mellitus, diseases of the circulatory system and diseases of the nervous system. The most common type of falls were in regards to falling from bed and falling from proper height. The identification of the risk of falling and the use of preventive measures reduce falls.


retrospective approach, starting position, hospitalized patients, physical structures, lacerations and abrasions, registered electronically, anticoagulant/antithrombotic, surgical wing, medical wing, antihypertensives