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Magnesium status in a population of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Morocco


Endocrinology & Metabolism International Journal
W Quiddi,1 M Tarmidi,1 A Mansouri,3,4 M Amine,3,4 H Elbaizri,2 A Boukhira,1 S Chellak1

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Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) contributes to 90% cases of diabetes–the ninth leading cause of death. Magnesium (Mg) levels have been found consistently low in the patients with T2DM around the world.
Objective: The objective of our work was to assess the Mg status in the patients with T2DM.
Material and methods: A descriptive prospective study including 103 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was carried out at Avicenna Military Hospital in Marrakesh over a period of four months (October 2019 - January 2020). The patients with T2DM and age above 35years with no history of Mg supplementation, cancer or autoimmune disease were included in the study. Blood samples were analyzed for fasting glucose, lipid profile, HbA1c, and serum magnesium. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 16, Pearson correlation was performed to establish the relationship between Mg and metabolic variables in T2DM patients.
Results: The study included 103 T2DM patients with 56 (54.4%) males and 47 (45.6%) females. Prevalence of hypomagnesemia was 14.56%. Mean age of the patients and duration of diabetes were 59±9 years and 9±4years, respectively. Most common antecedent conditions were dyslipidemia (43.7%), hypertension (42.7%), and retinopathy (25.2%). Hypomagnesemia was significantly associated with HbA1c (P=0.003) and arterial hypertension (P=0.002). Magnesium had negative linear relationship with increased fasting blood sugar and HbA1c.
Conclusion: In Morocco, the prevalence of hypomagnesemia in T2DM patient is low, but it has negative linear relationship with fasting blood sugar and HbA1c.

Keywords

Hypomagnesemia, Type 2 of diabetes mellitus, Morocco, Insulin resistance

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