Background: Anxiety has a negative effect on life satisfaction, but this effect can be
moderated and/or mediated by emotion regulation. We assessed these relationships to plan
strategies for a good life. The objectives were to: determine the relations among emotion
regulation, anxiety, and life satisfaction, estimate the role of emotion regulation (mediation
and moderation) in the relation between anxiety and life satisfaction, and evaluate
the differences in emotion regulation and its subscale, anxiety and its subscale and life
satisfaction across gender and age.
Method: A cross-sectional sample of 1379 participants (952 female), with an age range
of 9-19years (M=16.2; SD=2.15). The administered instruments were the Satisfaction
with Life Scale, Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, and the Emotion
Regulation Questionnaire. Reliability analysis, descriptive analysis, correlation analysis,
moderation and mediation analyses and two-way multivariate ANOVA were applied.
Results: Emotion regulation and life satisfaction were associated positively with each
other but negatively with anxiety related emotional disorders. There was an interaction
among emotion regulation, anxiety related emotional disorders, and life satisfaction with
age and gender. The emotion regulation subscales, cognitive reappraisal and expressive
suppression, mediated and moderated (respectively) the relation between anxiety related
emotional disorders and life satisfaction.
Conclusions: This work contributes to the knowledge of the variables involved in people’s
life satisfaction. Specifically, knowing the moderator and mediator roles of emotion
regulation in the relationship between people’s life satisfaction and anxiety could contribute
to the design of programs for the promotion of mental health and the prevention of mental
health problems in the population.
emotional regulation, anxiety, life satisfaction, mediation, moderation, children, adolescents