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Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemisty and pharmacological activities of Rumex nervosus


Journal of Analytical & Pharmaceutical Research
Worku Gemechu, Samuel woldekidan, Firehiwot Teka, Jemal Mohammed, Rekik Ashebir, Bihonegn Sisay, Abiy Abebe and Asfaw Meresa 

Abstract

The genus Rumex is cosmopolitan plants consisted of about 200 species. Rumex nervosus that is known as nutraceutical plants widely distributed around the world. This review documents fragmented information on the ethnomedicial uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of R. nervosus. The review articles are carried out by searching in PubMed, Google scholar and Google search up to December 2020. R. vernosus is traditionally used to treat eye disease, headache, teaniacapitis, haemorrhoids, dysentery, stomach-ache, diarrhoea, pharyngitis, arthritis, eczema, abscess and gynecological disorders. Secondary metabolites such as anthraquinones, naphthalenes, flavonoids, stilbenoids, triterpenes, carotenoids, and phenolic acids have been identified for this herb. The extracts of R. nervosus exhibited a wide range of pharmacological effects including antimicrobial, anti -inflammatory, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, antidiarrheal, anticoccidial and antileishimanial activities. These pharmacological studies have established a scientific basis for therapeutic uses of R. nervosus.

Keywords

rumex nervosus, ethnomedicinal, phytochemistry, pharmacology

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