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Single vertebral manipulative therapy (Kitchener’s Technique): a new technique for treatment of acute and subacute spinal root compression


Journal of Neurology & Stroke
Nabil Kitchener1,2

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Abstract

  1. Introduction:Spinal Root Compression Syndromes (SRCS) are common, costly, and significant cause of long-term sick leave and work loss. There is No consensus on the best approach. One intervention often used is manipulative therapy.
  2. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if Single Vertebral Manipulative Therapy (Kitchener’s Technique) (SVMT) is effective in alleviating pain levels and regaining physical functioning in comparison to standard medical care (SMC), among 18-55-year-old active working personnel.
  3. Methods:Prospective, longitudinal, 2-arm controlled study comparing SMC plus SVMT (32 patients) with only SMC (21 patients). The primary outcome measures were changes in root-related pain on the numerical rating scale and physical functioning at 6 weeks on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and back pain functional scale (BPFS).
  4. Results:Mean Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire scores decreased in both groups during the course of the study, but adjusted mean scores were significantly better in the SMC plus SVMT group than in the SMC group at both week 2 (P<0.001) and week 6 (P=0.001). Mean numerical rating scale pain scores were also significantly better in the group that received SVMT. Adjusted mean back pain functional scale scores were significantly higher (improved) in the SMC plus SVMT group than in the SMC group at both week 2 (P<0.001) and week 6 (P=0.001).
  5. Conclusion:Results suggest that SVMT in conjunction with SMC offers a significant advantage for decreasing pain and improving physical functioning when compared with only SMC, for patients aged 18-55 years with SRCS.

Keywords

low back pain, Kitchener technique, root compression syndromes, SVMT, root pain, sciatica, Single Vertebral Manipulative Technique

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